Psychology Led Astray

Cargo Cult in Science and Therapy

by Tomasz Witkowski

08/01/2016

This book shows how scientific and psychotherapeutic practices change into worthless rituals called by the famous physicist, Richard Feynman, "cargo cult." It is a must-read for everybody who is interested in psychology, who is studying or intends to study it, but also for present and potential clients of psychotherapists and parents of mentally-disabled children. Readers will learn which parts of psychology and therapy are cargo-cult-like and which are reliable. This book is the second part of trilogy devoted to the dark side of psychology. The first volume was published under the title Psychology Gone Wrong: The Dark Sides of Science and Therapy, also released by BrownWalker Press. IN THE NEWS See Chronicle of Higher Education (20 Mar 2017) BOOK REVIEWS Psychologist Witkowski f...

Psychology Gone Wrong

The Dark Sides of Science and Therapy

by Tomasz Witkowski & Maciej Zatonski

02/20/2015

Psychology Gone Wrong: The Dark Sides of Science and Therapy explores the dark sides of psychology, the science that penetrates almost every area of our lives. It must be read by everyone who has an interest in psychology, by all those who are studying or intend to study psychology, and by present and potential clients of psychotherapists. This book will tell you which parts of psychology are supported by scientific evidence, and which parts are simply castles built on sand. This is the first book which comprehensively covers all mistakes, frauds and abuses of academic psychology, psychotherapy, and psycho-business. The second volume was published under the title Psychology Led Astray Cargo Cult in Science and Therapy, also released by BrownWalker Press. IN THE NEWS See Chronicle of H...

by Wojciech Pisula

07/10/2009

The purpose of the book is to deliver a critical review of the literature and author's research data relevant for understanding the phenomena of curiosity, information seeking behavior, and novelty seeking. The book is designed to be a comprehensive and systematic lecture of areas related to the main subject in a way that will enable the reader to grasp the notion of development in terms of the evolutionary time scale and ontogenesis. Each of the subjects is explained on the basis of three perspectives: ultimate factors, integrative levels, and aroximate mechanisms. This work is intended to integrate approaches adopted within psychology, ethology, and behavioral neuroscience.

Can I See your Hands:

A Guide To Situational Awareness, Personal Risk Management, Resilience and Security

by Dr. Gav Schneider

09/01/2017

The title of this book: CAN I SEE YOUR HANDS refers to one of the key outcomes of this book-- being able to tell whether or not people want to cause us harm. To put it very simply, if you can see someone's hands and they are not concealing them, holding a weapon or positioning to strike you, one's levels of trust and confidence can increase. This simple example can serve as a reminder to all of us in many of the complex moments we have to deal with, and difficult decisions we have to make, in everyday life. WORDS OF PRAISE You hold in your hands an amazing book, unlike any other on the subject. Many good books have been written about the critically important topic of protecting yourself and your loved ones from violence. And the best of these have been integrated and applied in ...

Looking for Understanding

A Phenomenological Exploration of Artists’ Decisions to Portray Cancer in their Artwork

by Janet L. Gillett

03/17/2015

A diagnosis of cancer brings many changes to individuals’ lives, thus becoming part of their identity. Individuals who have cancer typically struggle when adjusting and accepting these changes (Blennerhassett, 2008; Yang, Staps, & Hijmans, 2010; Allen, Savadatti, & Levy, 2009; Lindwall & Bergbom, 2009; Lewis, 2008; Welsh & Guy, 2009; Frith, Harcourt, & Fussell, 2007; Hilton, Hunt, Emslie, Salinas, & Ziebland 2008). Furthermore, medical doctors place more emphasis on the symptoms and side effects individuals undergo rather than the person’s experience of the symptoms and side effects (Frank, 1991; Cassell, 1991; Nuland, 2010; Couser, 1997). During this time, some individuals engage in creative tasks, such as painting or writing, as means of coping. This current study will explore why in...

Evolution, Information and Personality

Toward A Unified Theory of the Psyche

by Robert DePaolo

09/15/2007

If writing a multidisciplinary treatise is difficult (and this endeavor wasn't exactly a walk in the park) then I had to imagine how difficult it might be for the reader to assimilate the cross references to evolution, information dynamics and clinical psychology that characterize this book. Moreover, I had to consider that reading a book written in language derived from quantum physics, psychology and anthropology might prove to be a bit dreary, even for seasoned clinicians. So to preclude possible confusion this book was written with Information Theory in mind. That's why, for the sake of clarity, certain themes are repeated in successive chapters to serve as an anchor point for the diverse ideas that revolve around them. As to the book itself, it is offered as an integrative...

Weaving Dreams into the Classroom

Practical Ideas for Teaching about Dreams and Dreaming at Every Grade Level, including Adult Education

by Curtiss Hoffman & Jacquie Lewis (editors)

04/07/2014

Weaving Dreams into the Classroom is an extraordinary anthology which combines the seasoned experience of ten educators at all educational levels to provide the reader with practical, hands-on models for bringing the subject of dreams and dreaming to students. It also includes the perspective of a teenage student who has been embedded in a dream-centered education program since early childhood. The authors come from diverse backgrounds, including academic and clinical psychology, anthropology, and religious studies. Their home institutions range from small private colleges and institutes to large research universities, both in the United States and Great Britain. PRAISE FOR WEAVING DREAMS INTO THE CLASSROOM In recent years, there has been an unprecedented interest in dreams and how t...

GOD

A Psychological Assessment

by Gary M. Bakker

05/23/2013

What is God really like? What sort of personality does he have? What are his values and priorities? And who can best answer such questions? These are vital questions for anyone who wants to understand and please him, and so ensure an eternal future. But they are not philosophical or theological questions. They are about his psychology. Gary Bakker is a clinical psychologist with 30 years of experience at answering these questions. He has studied God's words and deeds (his self-report and his behavior), found evidence of 16 psychological characteristics of God, and from these, reports some surprising conclusions. For example, if God has what we would regard as a diagnosable psychological problem, can it be treated? The 16 features/chapters that lead to an overall diagnosis and conclus...

Pressure to Behave, Believe, and Become

Identity Negotiation Stories from People Who Grew Up "Cult"

by Patricia A. Millar

05/29/2013

This research explored how identity transitions are accomplished when individuals experience distress in relationship to the social systems in which they are embedded. Study participants grew up in cultic groups, where they were parented by committed members. Twenty-two people who chose to leave or were ejected from 12 cultic groups provided low point, high point, and turning point stories for an exploratory narrative analysis. Life story narratives revealed a jarring disconnect between what participants were expected to believe and become and how they experienced themselves. The research interviews provided richly textured data about the experience of growing up cult, the process of leaving, and what helped or hindered as participants navigated new social contexts. A categorical conten...

Social Work and Psychological Services for African Refugee Children

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Statutory Service Provision Based on a Research Study in Wales, UK

by Takwana Chenyika

09/16/2011

This research, undertaken with children's services social workers who have worked in an urban Local Authority in South Wales, UK, sets out to explore whether statutory social services departments meet the psychological needs of refugee children. The study is in the form of a comparative study of refugee and non-refugee children. The comparison was made in relation to the children's psychological presentation pre- and post-intervention by the statutory social services department. This investigation was undertaken in response to general observation and research evidence that suggest the possibility of lack of appropriateness and effectiveness of psychological support services for refugee children. The study combines the use of qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The qualitative compo...

The Science of Learning

A Systems Theory Approach

by Robert T. Hays, Ph.D.

01/09/2007

The Science of Learning: A Systems Theory Approach provides authoritative, comprehensive, learner-centric reviews and discussions of theories and research on learning processes, instructional approaches, and the uses of instructional media. It includes over 600 references to the most influential theoretical and empirical literature in the field. It also provides discussions on the scientific method and how to apply science and scientific thinking to the study of learning, the development of instruction, and the evaluation of instructional programs. The systems-theory orientation provided in the book helps the reader understand the diverse data on learning and helps to integrate these data into a rich knowledge base. The book also summarizes guidance on the application of learning research ...

by Trevor Hicks & Caroline McSherry

02/28/2007

The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) has commissioned recent research which has indicated that: -about half a million people in the UK experience work-related stress at a level they believe is making them ill; -up to 5 million people in the UK feel "very" or "extremely" stressed by their work; and -a total of 12.8 million working days were lost to stress, depression and anxiety in 2004/5. Work-related stress is therefore a serious problem and tackling it effectively can result in significant benefits for organizations. This can result in a happier and more productive workforce with fewer days away from work with stress related illnesses. Managers will also want to comply with recent HSE advice on managing stress within the workplace fulfilling their duty of care to e...

Boosting the Mind's Eye

Visualizing for Social and Emotional Intelligence

by Erin Phifer

02/20/2008

Boosting the Mind’s Eye is a theory-based program guiding parents, educators, counselors, and psychologists through progressive steps bolstering emotional intelligence in children and adults through the development of visualization and language skills. This program was originally designed to address the emotional and social deficits of individuals along the Autistic Spectrum; however, it has become a useful tool in aiding the social understanding of all individuals presenting social weaknesses, regardless of diagnoses. The book offers theory, research, a step-by-step guide, photos, and sample dialogue to improve upon many skills, such as reading facial expressions, body language, emotional vocabulary, visualization, expressive language, and role-playing. This program creates a marria...

Beyond the Bodyguard

Proven Tactics and Dynamic Strategies for Protective Practices Success

by Gavriel Schneider

05/20/2009

This book is an advanced, well-rounded and in-depth view about what it takes to be the best in the international arena, in a world where change is the only constant. It is endorsed by a wide range of industry experts. This well-researched book will take you to higher levels, enabling you to be among the best in the demanding world of the truly professional bodyguard, by giving you the tools to develop and measure yourself. Who would benefit from this unique and powerful book? 1. Everyone who is in or wants to be involved in the close protection industry 2. Everyone in the security industry worldwide including: - Police, military, and related agencies - Anti-terror and counter-terrorist units - Current Close Protection or bodyguarding organizations - Private security organiz...

Currents of Thought in African Sociology and the Global Community

How to Understand Research Findings in the Context of Sociological Perspectives

by Joshua Adekunle Awosan

09/01/2009

Currents of Thought in African Sociology and the Global Community focuses on research findings further enriched in the realm of the emergent, indigenous African sociology within a global context. An authentic guide, it has potential to expose readers to the intricacy of research in its various ramifications. Its uniqueness consists in casting, in an explanatory framework, what each of the subdisciplines of sociology is all about, while simultaneously discussing the theoretical and methodological orientations in which the accompanying research findings are situated. The transition of sociology in Africa, inextricably tied in with global dimension, is its major theme. And discussion questions/exercises and essays at the end of each chapter constitute a stimulating teaching tool. Its theore...

Quality Instruction

Building and Evaluating Computer-Delivered Courseware

by Robert T. Hays, Ph.D.

01/31/2008

This book provides a theoretically- and empirically-based method to evaluate the instructional quality of computer-delivered courseware. The book is intended to help instructional developers, instructional procurement officials, instructors, and other individuals responsible for ensuring that the resources invested in courseware result in the highest instructional quality. The method can be applied throughout the instructional systems development process, from earliest requirements analysis to the delivery and implementation of the computer-delivered courseware.

Sexual Interactions

The Social Construction of Atypical Sexual Behaviors

by Andreas G. Philaretou, Constantinos N. Phellas, & Stavros S. Karayanni

04/10/2002

This book provides an exploratory investigation into the world of atypical sexual variations and interactions, in particular, the intersections of homosexuality and ethnicity, sexual addiction and codependency, sex work and cabaret patronage, and Cybersex addiction. It deals primarily with the intrapersonal, interpersonal, historical, social, and cultural manifestations of such atypical interactions and their social construction as atypical behaviors. This book is primarily intended for graduate, and upper level undergraduate, students in psychology, sociology, family studies, and social sciences. Upon reading the book, readers will come to an understanding of how homosexuality, codependency, sex work, and Cybersex (Internet pornography) come to affect our emotional, psychological, sexu...

Beyond Psychotherapy

123 Life Changing Ideas

by Dr. Don N. Bacchus

05/30/2006

Psychotherapy may be more a program of dependency than growth. Inside each person is a reservoir of strength and determination to overcome personal difficulties. Beyond Psychotherapy - 123 Life Changing Ideas encourages everyone to rely on their own inner strength for their personal growth and healing.

by Michael G. Aamodt

09/01/2004

This book is the most comprehensive reference ever written for individuals interested in law enforcement selection. The chapters contain meta-analyses (statistical reviews of the literature) investigating the validity of methods used to predict police performance. These methods include education requirements, cognitive ability, background variables (e.g., military experience, arrest record, discipline problems at work), personality inventories, interest inventories, physical agility tests, assessment centers, and interviews. The first chapter in the book is a short primer on meta-analysis that informs the reader about the purpose of meta-analysis and how to interpret the meta-analysis tables contained in the book. Chapter 2 describes the methods used to conduct the meta-analyses for thi...

Conjugate Gaze Somato-Emotional Release

A Novel Approach to Physiotherapeutic Mind-Body Therapy

by Vincent L. Perri

04/09/2014

Conjugate Gaze Somato-Emotional Release is a novel approach in the release of repressed mind-body traumatisms. The Conjugate Gaze approach works toward facilitating central nervous system processing through the activation of the hypothalamic limbic axis, and the use of specific reflex contacts and verbal cues. Such diverse topics as "the psychic space" and "the alternate psyche" will open new avenues in the treatment of somato-emotional disorders.

The Study of a Secret Society

Resistance to Open Discussion of Suicide in the United States Coast Guard

by Stephanie I. M. Steinmetz

05/20/2011

This project began as an investigation into the high rate of suicide among members of the Coast Guard in comparison to other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces. The course of research revealed Coast Guard officials' chronic reluctance to disclose information about suicide. Therefore, the new focus of research became a comparative investigation of the Coast Guard's resistance to discussing suicide within the organization. The study was conducted through interviews with a sample of Coast Guard and other military members as well as through discussion boards on the Internet. Questions centered on military life experience, stress, depression and suicide. The data suggest that members of the Coast Guard 1) initially appeared excited to participate in the study, however, when asked to discuss or d...

Adolescent Sexual Socialization and Teen Magazines

A Cross-National Study between the United States and the Netherlands

by Suchi P. Joshi

10/05/2012

The majority of scientific research on teen magazines has been conducted from a single-country perspective, even though the experience of sex and sexuality is known to vary by country. Moreover, no research to date has analyzed the sexual content of teen magazines and directly linked it to how young people think or feel about sex. In response to these shortcomings, this book analyzes the topics of sexual desire, sexual danger, virginity loss, pregnancy, and the hook-up culture in the most popular teen magazines of the United States and the Netherlands. Results are then linked to US and Dutch young people's magazine reading and fear of sex, and further investigated by religiosity. While this book primarily addresses researchers of adolescent sexual socialization, it also offers practical in...

The Coordinated Management of a Culturally Diffused Identity

Internationally Adopted People and the Narrative Burden of Self

by Jeffrey J. Leinaweaver

09/01/2011

Internationally adopted persons confront multiple challenges in constructing their identities. This study of the narrative burden of self looks at and interprets the dynamic process in which internationally adopted people develop, coordinate and manage their sense of self, identity and cultural/racial personhood. Drawing on the theory of the Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM), the study focuses on their use of orphaning and adoption stories to most skillfully position and tell one's origin story in concert with one's internal sense of self, and the pressures and forces found in interpersonal and intercultural dialogue. The research reveals how internationally adopted people develop and demonstrate varying levels of game mastery in managing societal scripts and oppressive frames of st...

Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour

Supportive Interventions for Anti Social Behaviour: Their Use and Effectiveness, Especially on People with Mental Health Problems

by Jayne Mugo

08/29/2012

This dissertation is an evaluative research study of supportive intervention tools for tackling anti-social behaviour implemented by a large housing association, since the Home Office Respect Agenda Action Plan was launched in 2006. The dissertation set out to explore the use and evaluate the effectiveness of supportive interventions as compared to enforcement interventions, and especially where people with mental health problems are involved The phenomenological theoretical underpinning of the research is informed by the philosophy of reaching far beyond the facts to identify the meaning and understanding of social phenomena as the people involved in it perceive experience and interpret it.The research used a mixed method approach. It was based on a quantitative data gathered from the ...

Managers Who Thrive

The Use of Workplace Social Support by Middle Managers During Hurricane Katrina

by A. Kevin Nourse

03/01/2011

This qualitative study explores how middle managers who thrived during Hurricane Katrina used their workplace social support systems. An emphasis was placed on identifying the sources and types of support received before, during, and after the Katrina crisis. Significant challenges exist today for organizations on the basis of societal, political, environmental, and technological trends. Among those trends are predictions of greater numbers and intensities of weather-related crises triggered in part by global weather pattern shifts and global warming. These challenges create a compelling need for leaders to effectively plan for and manage crises to assure organizational survival. Middle managers, in particular, play a critical role in terms of planning for and recovering organizational ...

by Marie C. Salimbeni

04/18/2011

This study examined the perceptions of officers with colleagues who perpetrate acts of domestic violence. This was a qualitative research design from a phenomenological perspective. The data was gathered by the use of face-to-face interviews using open-ended questions. The data was analyzed by the use of bracketing, horizonalization, clusters of meanings, textural and structural descriptions, and the invariant structure of the phenomena described by the study participants. Upon completion of the 30 interviews, the audio tapes were all transcribed, and loaded in to Atlas Ti for the purpose of coding the data for the major themes. A constant comparison method was used to analyze the data to help identify the similarities and differences between the study participants' perceptions with the ph...

Disrupting Fraternity Culture

Folklore and the Construction of Violence Against Women

by Brandy Taylor Fink

09/06/2010

Disrupting Fraternity Culture explores how young men and women perform male and female roles to "fit in" during the college or young adult years. It is arguable that many young men "perform" the role of the hegemonic male to fit in among peers, and that performing the hegemonic male is to perform acts of violence against women. This project actively examines university organizations and institutions, such as fraternities and sororities, which can encourage anti-female attitudes. All of the narratives used in this study were given willingly and given primarily by peers. The names of the individuals and the names of the fraternity and sorority houses the individuals belong to will not be revealed in this project. Fraternities and sororities are useful institutions to study because so many yo...

Learning Self-Therapy Through Writing

An experience in Creative Journaling

by Nathaniel Gadsden

03/13/2001

This book designed for self-discovery and self-empowerment. The journal explores three basic questions, who am I, what can I do, and what do I want to do? Then the book challenges you to get started today. The journal is unique because it guides you through very creative but simple excercises that help you visualize your inner most thoughts and fears, while empowering you to move forward. The journal can be used for group interaction and individual counseling sessions. The journal also contains a section devoted to those persons that are affected by drug/alcohol abuse. The weekly self-contract section and the monthly flushing sessions are great tools that can be used by teens and adults alike.

by Christopher J. Ewing

04/13/2011

United States Air Force Officers are not often given the choice of career fields when they enter active duty. This may have some impact on performance on an academic measure in the assigned field. In addition to choice, levels of two causality orientations were assessed using Deci and Ryan's 1985 General Causality Orientation Scale, 12-Vignette version. Causality orientations are posited to exist in varying degrees in every individual and, for the purposes of this study, are tested to determine their association with academic achievement in a situation of limited choice. The overall aim of this study is to determine whether choice and/or causality orientation predict academic achievement in missileers, and if a moderation model represents the relationship between the predictors and academi...

Enneatypes

Method & Spirit

by Tad Dunne

09/06/1999

Enneatypes: Method & Spirit gives an introduction to our nine basic neuroses and a program for using it in clinical practice and pastoral counseling. The first two chapters describe the history of the theory and define two key terms, compulsion and spirituality. The next chapter presents a method for organizing the profusion of empirical data on the types. Chapter Four uses this method to give a complete account of the enneatypes, including explanations on how each compulsion originates, how it relates to egotism, and how it may be transcended. This is followed by a chapter on how to diagnose a compulsion. Chapter Six presents a critique of the Naranjo/Ichazo models and an introduction to a model based on the generalized empirical method of Bernard Lonergan. The book closes with an ...